Georgia Highlands College


BIOL 2108K

Instructor:††† Mrs Lisa Branson, MS

Phone:†††† 678-872-8412


Office Location:†††† 256C (Cartersville Campus)


Prerequisites:†† BIOL 2107K with a grade of C or better.

Course Description:†† This course will explore the classification and the phylogenetic relationship of prokaryotes, protists, fungi, animals, and plants.† Included will be discussions on the history of evolutionary thought, speciation, population biology, and ecology.† Students will also be introduced to comparative vertebrate anatomy and physiology.† As with BIOL 2107K, students will be required to research topics outside of the classroom. Students may not receive credit for both BIOL 2108 and BIOL 2151. [Georgia Highlands Catalog 2010 - 2011].


  1. Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in terms of its informational content.

  2. Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in terms of its terminology.

  3. Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in terms of its commonly used units of measurement.

  4. Students will demonstrate the ability to operate basic instrumentation, gather data, analyze data, and generate conclusions in a laboratory or observational setting.

  5. Students will demonstrate the ability to apply discipline content to problem solving.


Upon completion of this course, students should be able to:

  1. Discuss the processes by which life may have originated on Earth and some of the evidence to support current theories.

  2. Discuss and utilize principles of systematic classification.

  3. List and describe the morphological and physiological characteristics that distinguish each of the major Kingdoms of Life.

  4. Name and describe the organisms that represent each of the major Kingdoms.

  5. List and describe the characteristics that distinguish the various phyla of the major Kingdoms and give examples of each.

  6. Relate the structure of organs and organ systems of multicelled organisms (with emphasis on plants and animals) to their specific functions.

  7. Discuss factors that affect the structure of biological communities and ecosystems.

  8. Utilize basic biological principles to analyze major environmental issues.


Lecture:†† Biology, 9th ed. by Campbell and Reece, from Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

  • New texts are marketed with CD-ROM and Internet support, which will be invaluable to you as a study aid. This text is also a comprehensive resource that will help you for the rest of your science-related career.†

  • Although the instructor makes lecture material available, it is only meant to be a SUPPLEMENT to the above required texts.† Regularly reading your textbook and lab manual is NECESSARY to facilitate comprehension of the material.

Laboratory:†Biology, 10th ed., by Mader, from McGraw Ė Hill.

  • The lab manual is NOT an optional text. Every student must have a copy (or photocopied pages) for the instructor to check upon completion of each lab activity. Labs WILL NOT be accepted on notebook paper.

Scantrons:†† Tests and exams are PRIMARILY multiple choice. Students MUST provide their own Scantron answer forms, which are available at the campus bookstore for a small cost. Scantron forms must be clean, uncreased, and without excess marks to be read properly by the machine. Running out of forms, using forms that are in poor condition, or marking forms improperly may lead to a student receiving no credit for the corresponding test or exam. The answers marked on the Scantron form are the ones graded. NO CREDIT will be given for answers marked correctly on the examination copy which are marked incorrectly on the Scantron form. For these reasons students are encouraged to be prepared with several forms at every exam.


Grades will be based on the following Points Your Points
Lecture Exams (5 @ 100 pts.) 500 ______
Final Exam (cumulative) 200 ______
Literature Search †50 ______
Scavenger Hunt 100 ______
TOTAL 850 ______

Lecture Exams:† Each exam may include multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, matching, short answer, and/or essay questions. The first 5 exams will be worth 100 pts.; each only covering material since the previous exam. The final exam is worth 200 pts. and will be cumulative, covering everything from the entire semester.

Scavenger Hunt: Students will be required to collect photographs of specimens from an instructor provided list, each with its own point value. More details about the format and requirements can be obtained from a separate source/web link.

Literature Review: Students will locate articles pertaining to a course related topic of their choosing. More details about the format and requirements can be obtained from a separate source/web link.


Grades will be based on the following: Points Your Points
Daily Lab Quizzes (5 @ 20 pts. each) 100 ______
Daily Lab Exercises* (5 @ 10 pts. each) † 50 ______
Lab practical 100 ______
Total 250 ______

Lab Quizzes:† Each lab quiz will cover material from the lab exercise to be done that day to ensure that students have prepared for class by reading the lab exercise beforehand. No make-ups are allowed for missed quizzes except for documentable emergencies (see below). It will consist of 5-10 questions in a variety of formats which may include: multiple choice, matching, fill-in-the-blank, and/or short answer/essay.

Daily Lab Exercises:† Each laboratory exercise requires documentation, graphing, and analysis of data; dissections, identifications, and/or completion of relevant questions to be answered. Points can only be earned by students physically being in the lab and actively completing the assignment (not copying from lab partners); labs canít be made up in the case of an absence. Your lab instructor will determine how points will be awarded.

*Lab Station Statement:† Lab stations will be assigned during the first week of lab.† It is the studentís responsibility to maintain a clean and organized lab station.† Failure to return lab material and equipment to the proper location will result in reduction in participation points to be determined by your instructor.† This includes the cleanliness of glassware and proper storage of lab supplies.


The letter grade for the course will be determined from the following scale:

A= 100 - 90%; B = 89 - 80%; C = 79 - 70%; D = 69 - 60%; F = 59% and below

Notice: If a student's final average is within one half a point (ex: 89.5%) of the next letter grade the instructor will grant rounding up to the next letter grade if the student has not missed more than 90% of classes (3 days Fall and Spring/ 2 days Summer).


Georgia Highlands College requires that all faculty members report their studentís progress throughout the course of the semester as part of the institution-wide Early Warning Program (EWP). The objective of the program is to support academic success by reviewing early indicators of satisfactory student progress. In accordance with EWP, faculty members provide the Registrarís Office with academic reports of each student enrolled in their courses(s) at checkpoints scattered throughout the semester. The following success factors are reported at their corresponding checkpoint:

Week 1: Notification of non-attendance (June 12th, 2014)
Week 4: Midterm grades (June 26th, 2014)
Week 4.5: Withdrawl deadline (July 8th, 2014)


GHC offers a variety of part-of-term classes to allow students to have flexible schedules. However, there are only three semesters each year; Spring, Summer, and Fall. It is only at the end of each semester that grades are rolled to academic history and available on the official transcript. After each part-of-term, as soon as instructors have entered grades, they may be viewed online by logging into SCORE. Transcripts may also be requested at any time by logging into SCORE. Prior to the end of term, should a student need an early grade letter sent to another institution they may complete the request form and submit it to the Registrarís Office for processing ( Please contact the Registrarís Office at if you need any assistance.


Lecture:† In any biological science course, there is a direct correlation between classroom attendance and academic performance.† Attendance will be recorded for advisory purposes and administrative record keeping.† You will be given an attendance sheet to sign each day you attend. It is the studentís SOLE responsibility for obtaining all material, including handouts that were missed as a result of an absence; excused or unexcused.

Lab:† Weekly attendance to the laboratory is required.† Failure to attend lab during your normally scheduled lab time will result in the loss of points associated with that particular lab.† Due to the nature of the typical lab setting, there will be no make-up opportunities to earn lab points lost due to failure to attend.

Extended Absence Policy:† Students, who have circumstances that prevent them from continuing to attend classes over an extended period of time, sometimes request that the faculty member permit them to submit work in absentia to receive credit to complete the course. If the concurrent absences will constitute more than 15% of the class sessions for the term (5 days Fall and Spring/ 3 days Summer), then written permission from the Division Chair is required before any course assignments can be completed while missing class.† The student must be in good academic standing in the course to make the request.† All approved coursework must be completed by the end of the semester in which the course was begun.†


  • If a lecture test is missed for a documentable emergency (i.e. hospitalization, the death of an immediate family member, military deployment, etc.), a makeup test over the missed material MAY be administered at the discretion of and at a time and location that is convenient to the instructor.

  • Students must contact the professor within 24 hours of the absence to schedule a makeup test. Failure to contact the instructor within this time frame will result in a loss of all rights to take a makeup test. It is recommended that you email the instructor as I might not be in my office to check for a phone message. Make sure you include your contact information in the notification.

  • Only one makeup test is allowed for the entire course. There are no retakes. Makeup tests can be in any format and may include any or all of the following: essay, multiple choice, fill in the blank, and/or matching.


Federal regulations state that if a student did not attend classes and received failing grades, then the grades were not earned and financial aid needs to be reduced accordingly. Please be advised that any students receiving a 0.00 GPA will be required to prove that the 0.00 GPA was earned by attending classes and completing course requirements for each class. Students who have earned at least one passing grade for the semester will not be affected by this regulation. If a student has properly withdrawn from all classes, the studentís financial aid should be adjusted from the time they signed the withdrawl form.


If there is inclement weather, the college posts necessary announcements on the web site.† Cancellation notices will be reported to the local radio stations and WXIA-TV in Atlanta.


  • In order to withdraw, a course withdrawal form or a complete withdrawal form must be obtained from the Admissions and Records Office, filled out by the student, and signed by the instructor (for course withdrawal) or Admissions (for complete withdrawal).† If this paperwork is not done, then you are still considered enrolled in the course and will get an F even if you donít participate at all.† Do not expect a grade change from F to W once it is on the permanent transcript (following the close of the semester).

  • Any withdrawals after mid-semester will result in WF unless the Academic Vice- Presidentís office gives approval for a hardship, non-punitive withdrawal.† Such a decision is made cooperatively between the Academic Vice-Presidentís Office and the instructor.† Having a less-than-desirable grade average is not reason enough for a hardship case.† Make a decision based on your grade before mid-semester. In such a case, inform the instructor of the hardship situation, and then inform the Office of the Vice President of Academic Affairs (Rome Campus).† With appropriate documentation, the VP will send a letter of permission to the instructor to allow a non-punitive withdrawal.

  • In any withdrawl, forms are available at the Help Desk. It is also important that you check with the Financial Aid Office to see how your withdrawl might impact any financial aid.


Policies on student conduct and academic integrity are located in the GHC ďStudent Guide and PlannerĒ and in the Student Handbook at


If you feel that you need accommodation(s) due to a disability, please feel free to discuss this with me early in the semester. Georgia Highlands College has resources available for students with certain disabilities. Accommodations (such as providing materials in alternative formats, assuring physical access to classrooms or being sensitive to interaction difficulties that may be posed by communication and/or learning disabilities) may be made through Student Support Services on all campuses. For more information please contact 706 - 295 - 6336.


"Since this course involves a laboratory component, there are specific safety issues that students need to be aware of (such as use of lab coats and or safety/goggles, or any other such example specifically related to that course).† It is the student's responsibility to be aware of all such issues and act in an extremely cautious manner to avoid any potential causes for accidents in the laboratory.† GHC is not liable for any accident in the lab due to the negligence on the part of any individual."

© 2018 Georgia Highlands College