More about the Questions
The questions on the test have been designed to assess the following four major aspects of reading:
Vocabulary: entails identifying the meanings of words as they are used in passages. The student may use context clues, structural analysis and/or a general understanding of the meaning of the passage to determine the meaning of a word.
Literal Comprehension: entails recognizing information and ideas presented explicitly in passages. Literal comprehension items require a student to recognize (1) details or facts, (2) a sequence of events, (3) a comparative relationship, (4) a cause and effect relationship, or (5) the referent for which a word or group of words has been substituted in a passage.
Inferential Comprehension: entails synthesizing and interpreting material that is presented in a passage. Inferential comprehension items involve the following skills: (1) identifying the main idea of a passage or paragraph, (2) inductive reasoning, (3) deductive reasoning, and (4) interpretation of figurative or other language.
Analysis: is concerned with how or why a passage is written rather than what a passage is about. In general, analysis items require inferences to be made about the style, purpose, or organization of a passage.