Study Guide for Music Appreciation Test #1
Pitch a capella
Range Gregorian Chant
Simple Meters Melismatic
Compound Meters Mass
Syncopation Mass Ordinary (5)
Harmony Council of Trent
Scales (Tonic and Dominant) Perotin
Dissonance Messe de Notre Dame
Homophony Pope Marcellus Mass
Tempo & Dynamics
Families of Instruments (brass, woodwinds, etc.)
Study Guide for Test #2: Baroque Period
Baroque Period (1600 – 1750)
Composers Compositions (know composer & form)
J.S. Bach (1685-1750) Messiah
G.F. Handel (1685-1759) Julius Caesar
C. Monteverdi Dido and Aeneas
A. Vivaldi Water Music
Henry Purcell The Four Seasons
Terms, Forms, and Groups Orfeo
The Florentine Camerata Xerxes
Monody Brandenburg Concerti
Basso Continuo Samson
Figured Bass St. John Passion
Equal Temperament St. Matthew Passion
Opera The Well-Tempered Clavier
Aria The Coronation of Poppea
Recitative Mass in b minor
Libretto Music for Royal Fireworks
Ripieno or Tutti
Word Painting (definition and examples from class)
Study Guide for Test #3: Classic Period
Classic Period (1750 - 1825)
Sonata Cycle(20 points on the test):
- Sonata-Allegro Form
- Theme I
- Theme II
- Coda (Sometimes)
- Theme and Variations
- Minuet and Trio
- Sonata Rondo
- ABABA (two sections)
- ABACABA (three sections)
Sonata Cycle (Symphony, String Quartet, Sonata, and Concerto)
Franz Joseph ‘Papa’ Haydn
W. A. Mozart (1756 – 1791)
Eine kliene Nachtmusik (A Little Night Music)
Die Zauberflöte(The Magic Flute)
Composed by W.A. Mozart in the last year of his life – 1791
A Singspiel that is based on a battle between good and evil, The Magic Flute is full of wonderful characters and symbolism. It takes place in Egyptian legendary times.
Characters, Masonic Symbolism, and morally uplifting message
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827)
Ode to Joy (IV from Symphony No.9)
Symphony No. 3 “Eroica” and its significance/place in the history of music
Mozart and Beethoven Biography Questions:
- Where was Mozart born? And in what year?
- Leopold Mozart, W.A. Mozart’s father, composed the Toy Symphony. However, who was originally thought to have been the composer?
- Mozart was how old when he composed:
- His first composition, a minuet?
- His first symphony?
- His first opera?
- Mozart’s first symphony was described as being so Mozartian, what does this mean?
- Mozart wrote all ___ violin concerti in __ months of his ___ year. Today it takes the typical violinist thirty years progress to learn to play the first and proceed to the last.
- Mozart wrote more than ______ compositions during his short lifetime.
- Did Mozart compose his works with many revisions?
- While visiting the city of Linz, how many days did it take Mozart to compose a fresh symphony?
- Mozart was the first great musical (opera) dramatist. He has been likened to ____________.
- The _________ was the last composition of Mozart’s which he did not live to finish.
- _____________ is today painted as Mozart’s great detractor. He even ranted late in his life about having murdered Mozart.
- In which years did Mozart compose the following operas:
- The Marriage of Figaro
- Don Giovanni
- The Magic Flute
- What year did Mozart die? Was there money for a proper burial?
- Where was Beethoven born? What year was he born?
- How did Beethoven’s early youth/upbringing differ from that of Mozart?
- How old was Beethoven, when he finally was able to meet his idol, Mozart?
- What year did Beethoven move to Vienna?
- Since Mozart had passed away, which composer became Beethoven’s mentor?
- Why is the Heiligenstadt Testament important? What is it?
- Which symphony of Beethoven’s was finished in 1803? Who was it originally dedicated to? What is the title of it today?
- What is the name/title of Beethoven’s sixth symphony?
- What is the name of Beethoven’s only opera?
- The ___________ sonata is dedicated to a candidate for the Immortal Beloved.
- Why did Beethoven throw himself into the bitter custody battle for his nephew?
- After winning custody, Beethoven turned to the church and composed the _____________________.
- Who wrote the poem,Ode to Joy?
- What is included in the 9th symphony that had never been in any symphony before?
- What year did Beethoven die?
Study Guide for Test #4: Romantic Period
The symphony progression (25 points on test)
Baroque – Classic (Sonata Cycle) – Beethoven – Romantic (Absolute vs. Program Music)
Symphonic Poem (tone poem)
Lied (German Art Song)
A Midsummer Night’s Dream (incidental music)
24 Preludes; George Sand (Aurore Dudevant)
Idee fixe;Symphonie fantastique
The Russian “Five” or the “Mighty Handful”
Borodin, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, Balakirev, and
Night on Bald Mountain; Pictures at an Exhibition
New Journal For Music; Dichterliebe
Johannes Brahms – Romantic Classicist
A German Requiem
Giuseppe Verdi (verismo)
Bellini, Donizetti, and Rossini (bel-canto)
Carl Maria von Weber
Richard Wagner (music drama)
The Ring of the Nibelung – characters and story line; Bayreuth
Madame Butterfly; Turandot
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
Swan Lake, The Nutcracker