BIOL 2161K              Introduction to Medical Microbiology             Spring 2010

Course Information:

CRN: 20605/20606

Lecture day and time: TR 6:30-7:45pm

Course credit hours:  4


Instructor Information:

Lecture Instructor:      Mr. Jeffrey O’Kelley M.S. SM (ASCP)

Office:                         Walraven Building, room B342 (within the Science & Math office)



The following items are available on-line for you to print off:

1.      Outlines & Notes (Word documents) and Power Point materials for each lecture. 

2.      You are REQUIRED to print at least one of these out in advance of class. I will lecture at a pace that assumes you have completed notes with you.

3.      Lab Schedule with laboratory topics and lab practical dates listed.

4.      Lab handouts are available as links within the Lab Schedule. You are REQUIRED to have these printed off and read in advance of lab.

5.      Chapter Review questions. These are recommended although not required. Some of them will show up on the lecture exams.


Office Hours: (also by appointment)

Tuesday and Thursday





Course Description:

Biology 2161K beings with an overview of the structure and properties of microorganisms, their growth requirements, metabolism, and ecological roles; emphasis is then given to the host-parasite relationship, potential for pathogenicity of microorganisms, defense mechanisms of the human host, including immunology, and the etiological and epidemiology of infectious diseases for each human body system.  We also look at various functions and roles antimicrobial agents play in combating pathogenic microorganisms.  Laboratory work introduces the student to identification and culture techniques, transmission control mechanisms, and clinical isolation procedures.



The currently required text for success in BIOL 2161 is Microbiology: A Systems Approach, 2nd edition by Cowan & Talaro.

The Laboratory Manual, written specifically for the exercises and equipment used at Georgia Highlands College, is Laboratory Instruction for Introductory Medical Microbiology, by Callan. Print out each section in time to read it before the lab for which the notes apply.


BIOL 1010, 2107, or 2121 with a grade of C or better; Co-requisite: BIOL 2107, 2122, 2151, 2152, 2153, or 2154.


Students with Disabilities:

Students who feel they may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should make an appointment with the College Access Center (706-802-5003) to coordinate reasonable accommodations.  The students are also welcome to contact the instructors privately to discuss one’s specific needs.


Statement of Academic Integrity:

All work presented is expected to be produced by the student's own efforts. Plagiarism (copying of another author's work or written material (even a sentence or two) and then claiming it as your own work) and cheating or attempting to cheat (on a tests, quizzes, assignment, laboratory work, or any other work done for a grade) is ample reason for receiving an F for that assignment. Policies on student conduct and academic integrity are in

the College’s “Student Rights & Responsibilities” document.  This can be accessed on the following URL:


Attendance & Make-Up:

Lecture: Attendance will be recorded.  Points are not given or deducted according to a student’s attendance. If a lecture test is missed for an emergency, a make-up test over the material missed may be administered at the discretion of the instructor and in the format of the instructor’s choosing, usually essay form.  Only one make-up test is allowed for the entire course.  There will be no re-takes. Make-up exams will be taken during the next class period attended by the student. It is the responsibility of the student to get any information missed during that class time.


Lab:  Attendance in laboratory is also recorded and does count toward the final grade. Absence and tardiness will result in deduction of points from 100; 5 points is deducted for each missed lab absence and prorated for tardiness. There are no make-up labs. If schedule and space permits students are often allowed to attend different lab sections during the same week to make-up a missed lab. You are responsible for learning any missed material from your classmates.


In the event of weather related cancellation of classes, the schedule will pick up the sequence of lectures herein described as classes resume.  The semester may then be extended, or double lectures designed as we go.  If we have covered all material for a test, the test will be given on the first day back to class.


If there is inclement weather, the college posts necessary announcements on the web site.  Cancellation notices for Floyd or Cartersville locations will be reported to radio stations and WXIA-TV in Atlanta.  However, please be advised that station regulations may not allow for clarity in location-specific announcements such as “Georgia Highlands, Cartersville only.”  Generally speaking, stations simply broadcast something like “Georgia Highlands is closed.” Classes in Acworth, Carrollton, or Marietta will be cancelled when, respectively, North Metro Technical College, University of West Georgia, or Southern Polytechnic State University close.


Grading Scale: 90-100% A      80-89% B        70-79% C        60-69% D        < 59% F


Evaluation Methods and Grading:

Grades are determined by proficiency on lecture and lab exams.  Your grade is determined by the percentage of points earned. Approximately 800 points will be possible during the semester. The breakdown is as follows:


            Four lecture exams @ 100pts each =                          400pts

            Final lecture exam =                                                    200pts

            Lab  =                                                                        160pts

            IC Project =                                                                  40pts


            Total =                                                                         800pts


The lab grade will be derived as the average of three grades:  two lab practicals and a grade based on lab participation.  Each lab practical is worth 100 points and will be administered during your normally scheduled lab time.  The participation grade is worth a total of 100 points and can be earned by the completion of the scheduled lab exercises. The number, format, and individual value of each lab exercise will be determined by each lab instructor.  Failure to attend lab will result in loss of all points (5 per lab exercise) for that exercise.  There are absolutely no make-up opportunities for these exercises.




Returned Class Items:

Lecture exams will not be returned to the student. They are available for review (15-20min/exam) by appointment for the week following the exam period. During the week preceding finals, exams will be made available during an assigned lecture time for review.


It is the student’s responsibility to keep all graded materials returned to them (from lecture and lab) until a final grade has been issued for the course and it is determined that there are no errors in that assigned grade (i.e. a miscalculated  grade or incorrectly entered grade). Any grade discrepancies can only be rectified with proof of the student’s correct scores, which can only be verified with the original graded items. Therefore, it is very important that these items are retained by the student until final grades are posted.


Information Competency (IC @ GHC):


The Division of Science & Physical Education supports the mission of IC @ GHC.  The mission of the Georgia Highlands College (GHC) Quality Enhancement Plan (QEP) is to create a curriculum-wide culture of information competency (IC) among students, which will be demonstrated through writing or other modes of communication.

More information on IC @ GHC can be found at:


Student Learning Outcomes:

1. Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in terms of its informational content.

2. Students will demonstrate competency of on discipline in the sciences in terms of its terminology.

3. Students will demonstrate competency of on discipline in the sciences in terms of its commonly used units of


4. Students will demonstrate the ability to operate basic instrumentation, gather data, and generate conclusions

    in a laboratory or observational setting.

5. Students will demonstrate the ability to apply discipline content to problem solving.


Earned F:

This message applies only to students receiving financial aid:  Federal regulations state that if a student did not attend classes and received failing grades, then the grades were not earned and financial aid needs to be reduced accordingly.  Please be advised that any student receiving a 0.00 GPA will be required to prove that the 0.00 GPA was earned by attending classes or completing requirements for each class.  Students who have earned at least one passing grade for the semester will not be affected by this regulation.  If a student has properly withdrawn from all classes, the student’s financial aid should be adjusted from the time they signed the withdrawal form.


Cell Phones:

The use of cell phones, pagers, etc. during lecture or lab time is strictly prohibited. These devices can be very disruptive if they "go off" during class time. Please turn these devices off BEFORE you arrive to class (silent mode/vibrate can still be heard by classmates and therefore is not acceptable). Any students whose cell phone, pager, etc. disrupts class will be asked to leave class immediately and will not be allowed to return until the next class period. Exceptions will only be made if the student is expecting a very important phone call (one that could cause them to leave class early anyway). In these situations, silent mode/vibrate is acceptable and the instructor needs to be informed of this at the beginning of class.


Extended Absence Policy:

Students, who have circumstances that prevent them from continuing to attend classes over an extended period of time, sometimes request that the faculty member permit them to submit work in absentia to receive credit to complete the course.

If the concurrent absences will constitute more than 15% of the class sessions for the term, then written permission from the Division Chair is required before any course assignments can be completed while missing class.  The student must be in good academic standing in the course to make the request.  All approved coursework must be completed by the end of the semester in which the course was begun.

(Note: If a program has a more stringent absence policy than this, then the program policy prevails.)


Policies & Procedures:

Georgia Highlands College has in place a number of policies and procedures for students. These include the Grievance Policy, Appealing a Grade, Extended Absence Policy, Incomplete Grade Policy, Hardship Withdrawal Policy, Tobacco Free Campus Policy, Sexual Harassment Policy, and a No Weapons Policy. More information on these can be accessed at one of the following websites:


Laboratory Risk Statement:

Since this course involves a laboratory component, there are specific safety issues that students need to be aware of (such as use of safety goggles, or any other such example specifically related to that course). It is the student's responsibility to be aware of all such issues and act in an extremely cautious manner to avoid any potential causes for accidents in the laboratory. GHC (including its faculty and staff) is not liable for any accident in the lab due to negligence on the part of any individual. Specific safety issues are discussed in the lab manual and laboratory safety lecture. It is also recommended that if you are pregnant or intend on becoming pregnant during the course, that you not take the course at this time.


Lecture Schedule:


Class Day

Lecture Topic(s)


Chapter Resources




Chapter 1

Introduction Notes

Introduction PowerPoint



Last day to Drop the class




Historical Perspective

Microscopy & Lab Techniques

Chapters 1 & 3



Microscopy & Lab Techniques

Prokaryotic Cell Structure

Chapters 3 & 4

Tools of the Lab Notes

Tools of the Lab PowerPoint


Prokaryotic Cell Structure

Chapter 4

Prokaryotic Cell Notes

Prokaryotic Cell PowerPoint


Microbial Growth

Chapter 7

Microbial Growth Notes

Microbial Growth PowerPoint


Microbial Growth

Microbial Metabolism

Chapters 7 & 8

Microbial Metabolism Notes

Microbial Metabolism PowerPoint


Exam I

exam one study guide

Chapters 1-4, 7, 8



Bacterial Genetics

Chapters 9 & 10

Bacterial Genetics Notes

Bacterial Genetics PowerPoint



Chapter 1

Taxonomy Notes

Taxonomy PowerPoint


Prokaryotic Organisms

Chapter 4

Prokaryotic Organism Notes

Prokaryotic Organism PowerPoint


Eukaryotic Organisms

Chapter 5

Eukaryotic Organism Notes

Eukaryotic Organism PowerPoint


Viruses, Prions, & Viroids

Chapter 6

Viruses, Prions, and Viroids Notes

Viruses, Prions, and Viroids PowerPoint


Controlling Microorganisms (not on Exam II)

Chapter 11

Controlling Microorganisms Notes

Controlling Microorganisms PowerPoint


Exam II

exam two study guide

Chapters 1, 4-6, 9-10



Controlling Microorganisms

Human-Microbe Interaction

Chapters 11 & 13

Human Microbe Interaction Notes

Human Microbe Interaction PowerPoints


4, 2010





4, 2010

Human-Microbe Interaction


Chapters 13



Antibiotics Innate Immunity




Innate Immunity

Chapter 14

Innate Immunity Notes

Innate Immunity PowerPoint


Spring Break (No Class)




Spring Break (No Class)




Adaptive Immunity &  Immune Responses

Chapter 15

Adaptive Immunity Notes

Adaptive Immunity PowerPoint


Immune Responses

Immunologic Disorders

Chapters 15 & 16

Immunologic Disorders Notes

Immunologic Disorders PowerPoint



Chapter 13

Epidemiology Notes

Epidemiology PowerPoint


IC Project Due by the end of class





Exam III

exam three study guide

Chapters 11, 13-16



Skin & Wound Infections

Chapter 18

Skin and Wound Notes

Skin and Wound PowerPoint


Diseases of the Respiratory System

Chapter 21

Diseases of the Respiratory System Notes

Diseases of the Respiratory System PowerPoint


Diseases of the Genitourinary System

Chapter 23

Diseases of the Genitourinary System Notes

Diseases of the Genitourinary System PowerPoint


Diseases of the Digestive System

Chapter 22

Diseases of the Digestive System Notes

Disease of the Digestive System PowerPoint


Diseases of the Digestive System

Chapter 22



Diseases of the Blood & Lymphatic System



Diseases of the Nervous System

Chapters 20 & 19

Diseases of the Blood Notes

Diseases of the Blood PowerPoint

Diseases of the Nervous System Notes

Diseases of the Nervous System PowerPoint


Exam IV

exam four study guide

Chapters 18-23



Final Exam

6:00 – 8:00pm




* All information contained in this syllabus is subject to change based on the instructor’s discretion. All changes will be conveyed to the student, in writing (most often via bulk email or postings on the website), in a timely manner*