BIOL 2154> Syllabus and Course outline







CRN# 20330 / 20246





*  Instructor:  Dr. Mark E. Knauss


*  Lecture Times/Location:  TR 11:00AM - 12:15PM,  Room W-218


*  Office:  W338 (Walraven Building, Floyd Campus)


*  Phone: 368-7535 


*  Office Hours:        MW 8:30-10:30 AM; TR 2:00-4:00 PM


*  Email:

*  Midterm Date: 02-28-08 (Last day to withdraw with a “W”)


*  Course Description:  
 This course includes an overview of the diversity of the viruses, heterorophic Bacteria, heterotrophic Protista and the Kingdom Animalia.  Animal organ systems will also be studied comparatively in terms of anatomy, function and physiology; special emphasis will be placed on the vertebrates.  Prerequisite:  Completion of BIOL 1010K or BIOL 2107K with a grade of C or better. [Georgia Highlands College Catalog 2007-2009].


*  Georgia Highlands College Educational Effectiveness Goal for Science:  Students will demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental concepts of at least one scientific discipline, and an understanding of the interplay between theory and experimentation/observation undergirding those concepts.


*  Georgia Highlands College Student Learning Outcomes for Science:

Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in

        terms of its informational content.

          2.      Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in

        terms of its terminology.

           3.      Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in

        terms of its commonly used units of measurement.

           4.      Students will demonstrate the ability to operate basic instrumentation, gather

        data, analyze data, and generate conclusions in a laboratory or observational


            5.      Students will demonstrate the ability to apply discipline content to problem



*  Course Objectives (Student Outcomes specific to BIOL 2154): 

  1. Biology 2154 students will identify and define the characteristics of all living organisms and apply these characteristics to animals, fungi, protozoans, bacteria, and viruses.
  2. Biology 2154 students will distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and give examples of each.
  3. Biology 2154 students will describe the theory of the origin and evolution of life on earth as it relates to kingdom Animalia.
  4. Biology 2154 students will name and describe the distinguishing features of each of the major kingdoms.
  5. Biology 2154 students will describe the characteristics, list examples of each phylum, subphylum and class (when applicable) in each of the following kingdoms (Animal-like Protista, Animalia).
  6. Biology 2154 students will compare and contrast the body plans of different animals and discuss organization of body tissues.  
  7. Biology 2154 students will identify and describe the basic anatomy and physiology of each of the following animal systems: Nervous, Endocrine, Skeletal-Muscular, Circulatory, Immunity, Respiratory, Digestion, Urinary, Animal Reproduction.
  8. Biology 2154 students will be able to relate the differences in anatomical structure and functions among the various phyla of kingdom Animalia.
  9. Biology 2154 students will identify and describe the functions of tissues, organs and organ systems in the laboratory setting using preserved organisms, models and histological slides.
  10. Biology 2154 students will be able to research a topic on animal biology (selected from a list) and write a detailed report on that topic.



*  Assessment of Course Objectives:  Course Objectives will be assessed through the following:

  • Questions on exams and the final exam (Course Objectives 1-8)
  • Questions on lab quizzes and the lab final (Course Objectives 5, 9)
  • Lecture Assignment (Course Objective 10)
  • Daily Assessment Exercise (Course Objectives 1-8)

*  Lecture Text:     Starr and Taggart.  2006.  Biology, 11th ed.,  Thompson.

*  Lecture Attendance Policy:  Attendance will be monitored.  While attendance is not a formal component of the final course grade, the daily assessment exercise is a component of the grade.  Any student exceeding 7 absences (25% of the lecture class meetings) will be administratively withdrawn from the course.

 *  Extended Absence Policy:  Students, who have circumstances that prevent them from continuing to attend classes over an extended period of time, sometimes request that the faculty member permit them to submit work in absentia to receive credit to complete the course.  If the concurrent absences will constitute more than 15% of class sessions for the term, the written permission from the Division Chair is required before any course assignments can be completed while missing class.  The student must be in good academic standing in the course to make the request.  All approved coursework must be completed by the end of the semester in which the course was begun.

*  Lecture Grading Policy:  The lecture grade constitutes 75% of the overall grade for the course; the laboratory grade constitutes the remaining 25% (see laboratory syllabus).  The lecture grade is computed from student performance on three lecture exams [*the lowest lecture exam grade will be replaced with the highest lecture exam grade], two lecture assignments, accumulated daily assessment exercise points,  and one final exam as follows (see example at right): 


 Exam 1                                                   100 pts                                                   63  (=89*)   

 Exam 2                                                  100 pts                                                   75

 Exam 3                                                  100 pts                                                   89

 Lecture Assignment A                          100 pts                                                   90

 Lecture Assignment  B                        100 pts                                                   90

 Daily Assessment Exercise                 100 pts                                                   90

 Final Exam                                           200 pts                                                   128 (64)

 LECTURE TOTAL                                  800 pts                                                   651


 Lecture Grade = Sum of Student Scores / 800 X 100                                  651/800 X 100   = 81.4

(rounded up to nearest whole number)                                        = 82


Computation of the Course Grade is as follows:

(Lecture Grade X 0.75) + (Lab Grade X 0.25)  =  Course Grade


Example:                Lecture Grade = 82                   Lab Grade = 71

 (82 X 0.75)                  +          (71 X 0.25)       =   61.5  +  17.8  =  79.3


The course grade will be rounded up to the nearest whole number.       Example:  79.3 = 80


                The letter grade for the course will be determined from the following scale:

                                                A             90-100

                                                B              80-89                                                    Example: 80

                                                C              70-79                                                    Letter Grade = B

                                                D             60-69

                                                F              0-59







                                        THE INSTRUCTOR WILL NOT COMPUTE A STUDENT’S

                                        CURRENT GRADE, NOR WILL THE INSTRUCTOR MAKE

                                        PREDICTIONS ON EXAM SCORES NEEDED TO ACHIEVE A

                                        DESIRED COURSE GRADE!




*  Lecture Exams – Description: 

Each lecture exam is a 50 item assessment with Multiple Choice and Matching questions.

The final exam is a 100 item cumulative assessment with Multiple Choice and Matching questions.

The student should be in the possession of at least two sharpened No. 2 pencils at each exam.




*  Lecture Assignment – Description:  Each Lecture Assignment (Lecture Assignment A and Lecture Assignment B) is a research assignment on a relevant topic selected from a list compiled by the instructor (internet and/or library sources – student choice).  Detailed instructions will be distributed later in the semester .


*  Daily Assessment Exercise Description:  There will be a brief, unannounced exercise at the conclusion of each of 10 different lecture class meetings.  Each exercise will concentrate on the information presented during that day’s lecture.  Each exercise is worth a possible 10 points.  The student must be in attendance on that day to get the points.  There are no make-ups allowed.


*  Academic Irregularity Policy:  Cheating is strictly prohibited. Any evidence of cheating, or collaboration in cheating will result in a grade of zero for that assignment and possible further disciplinary action which may include failure in the course.  Please access the following URL address to view your “Rights and Responsibilities”:


*  Lecture Make-up Policy:  The professor will email PowerPoint© files in advance of the lectures TO THE STUDENT’S GHC EMAIL ACCOUNT.  [Note that the student should be sure to have activated his or her email account with the college and should check it regularly].  The student can print handouts that will include an image of each slide and spaces for taking notes.  [Note that the student should have access to a computer that is supplied with Microsoft Office©, which has the PowerPoint© program that will allow printing of handout pages].  Should a student miss a regularly scheduled lecture, the student is responsible for getting the lecture information from classmates.  There will be no make-up opportunities for missed exams; the student who has missed an exam should be aware that the missed exam grade will be scored as a 0%.  This 0% grade can count as the dropped exam grade.


*  Laboratory Statement:  Since this course involves a laboratory component, there are specific safety issues that students need to be aware of (such as use of lab coats and/or safety goggles, or any other such example specifically related to that course).  It is the student’s responsibility to be aware of all such issues and act in an extremely cautious manner to avoid any potential causes for accidents in the laboratory.  GHC is not liable for any accident in the lab due to negligence on the part of any individual.

*  Disability Policy:  Any student who feels they may need an accommodation based on the impact of a disability should make an appointment with the Access Center to coordinate reasonable accommodations.  The student is welcome to contact the professor to privately discuss his or her specific needs.


*  Cell Phones.  Students in this course will be sure to have their cell phones turned off as they enter the class room (vibration/silent mode is not acceptable), unless the student prearranges an exception with the professor (the professor will assess the legitimacy of the reason).  Students will not be permitted to wear headsets in class.   A student may not leave the classroom for reasons of a personal call - all personal calls must wait until the conclusion of class.


  • Offenses in Class.  If a student's cell phone should ring in class, the professor will stop lecture and that student will be asked to leave the class room for the remainder of the class meeting.  A habitual offender (3 or more offenses) will be debited 10 points on their final lecture grade.


  • Offenses during an Exam.  If a student's cell phone should ring during an exam, that student will be asked to hand in their exam and leave the class room.  The student will receive a 0 on the exam.


*  Message for Students Receiving Financial Aid:  Federal regulations state that if a student did not attend classes and received failing grades, then the grades were not earned and financial aid needs to be reduced accordingly.  Please be advised that any student receiving a 0.00 GPA will be required to prove that the 0.00 GPA was earned by attending classes or completing requirements for each class.  Students who have earned at least one passing grade for the semester will not be affected by this regulation.  If a student has properly withdrawn from all classes, the student’s financial aid should be adjusted from the time they signed the withdrawal form.


*  Communications Concerning Grades:  Grades will be only communicated to the student via personal “face-to-face” communication.  Personal privacy issues demand that there will be no emails sent to students informing them of grades of any kind (exam grades, assignment grades, course grades, etc.).  The student should be aware that any email sent to the professor requesting a grade report of any kind will be ignored.  If  the student desires to review his or her assigned grades, either during the semester or after final grades are assigned, he or she should make an appointment with the professor to review them in the professor’s office.



*  Lecture/Laboratory Schedule:

Date Day              Class / Topic                                                                Lab

010808 T              Class 1  Syllabus, Ch 21                                       lab week 1

011008 R              Class 2 Ch  22             

011508 T             Class 3 Ch 22 cont. Ch 25                                      lab week 2 

011708 R             Class 4  Ch 25                                     

012208 T              Class 5  Ch 25 cont.                                             no lab this week

012408 R             Class 6  Ch 25 cont.

012908 T              Class 7  Ch 26                                                      lab week 3

013108 R             Class 8  Open Class Day 

020508 T             Class 9  EXAM 1(Ch 21-22, 25-26)                      lab week 4

020708 R             Class 10  Ch 33

021208 T             Class 11 Ch 34                                                       lab week 5

021408 R             Class 12 Ch 34 cont.

021908 T             Class 13 Ch 35                                                     lab week 6

022108 R             Class 14 Ch 36

022608 T             Class 15 Ch 36 cont.                                            lab week 7

022808 R             Class 16 Open Class Day Ch 40, 41

030408 T             Class 17 EXAM 2 (Ch 33-36)                               lab week 8

030608 R             Class 18 Ch 37

031108 T             Class 19 Ch 37 cont., 38                                      lab week 9

031308 R             Class 20 Ch 38

031408 F              LECTURE ASSIGNMENT A DUE

031808 T             SPRING BREAK -  no class                                   no lab this week

032008 R             SPRING BREAK - no class

 032508 T             Class 21 Ch 39                                                     lab week 10

032708 R             Class 22 Ch 39 cont.

040108 T             Class 23 Ch 40                                                     lab week 11

040308 R             Class 24 Open Class Day                                                        

040808 T             Class 25 EXAM 3 (Ch 37-40)                               LAB FINAL

041008 R              Class 26 Ch 41

041508 T             Class 27 Ch 41 cont., 42                                                 

041708 R             Class 28 Ch 42 cont., 43

042208 T             Class 29 Ch 43 cont., 44                                             

042408 R             Class 30 Ch 44 cont.

042508 F              LECTURE ASSIGNMENT B DUE

050508 M             FINAL EXAM (10:00AM) 



*  Laboratory Times/Location:       

                                                            (20330) T 8:45-10:45AM / W-313

                                                            (20246)T 1:15-3:15PM / W-313

*  Lab Text:    Mader.  2006.  Biology Lab Manual, 9th ed.  McGraw-Hill.


*  Lab Attendance Policy:  Attendance to laboratory is mandatory; labs cannot be made up.  If a student should miss a lab, he/she should expect to receive a 0 (zero) on any quiz missed.  Moreover, the student will be responsible for the missed material, which will be assessed on a quiz during the next lab meeting.  The lowest daily lab grade and the lowest lab quiz grade will be dropped before the final lab grade is computed (see Lab Grading Policy below) – this constitutes a safe-guard for any student who may have missed one laboratory for a legitimate reason.


*  Lab Grading Policy:  The laboratory grade is based on participation and completion of lab exercises (11 daily lab grades, lowest grade dropped), 10 quiz grades (lowest grade dropped), and one lab final exam grade as follows:


                                    10 daily lab grades (@ 10 pts each)   100

                                    9 lab quizzes (@ 100 pts each)           900

                                    1 lab final                                            200*

                                    TOTAL                                                 1200


* The lab final exam is cumulative.


Lab Grade Computation:  Each student’s scores for daily lab grades (lowest dropped), lab quizzes (lowest dropped), and lab final will be added.  The sum will be divided by 1200 and multiplied by 100.  The resulting laboratory grade is a percentage that will be rounded up to the nearest whole number. 


Example:  Student Total Lab Scores = 845

960/1200 = 0.8

0.8 X 100 = 80.0 = 81 (Laboratory Grade)


*  Lab Exercises – Description:  Each laboratory exercise in the student’s lab manual may require documentation of data, graphing of data, analysis of data, or relevant questions to be answered.  The adequacy and competency of a student’s completion of these items is reflected in the daily lab grade


*  Lab Quizzes – Description:  Each lab quiz will cover material that was presented during the previous lab.  Each lab quiz will consist of 5-10 questions in a variety of formats (multiple choice/matching, fill-in-the-blank, description/essay).


*  Lab Make-up Policy:  There are no make-ups for laboratory (see Lab Attendance Policy above).

*  Laboratory Schedule:  See Lecture/Laboratory Schedule under Lecture portion of syllabus (above).