BIOL 2161     Introduction to Medical Microbiology      Spring 2016


Instructor Information:
Lecture Instructor:             Dr. Toni Portis King
Office:                             Biology Main
Phone Number:                  TBA


Course Information:

CRN: 20198/20199
Lecture day and time:  Tuesday and Thursday 11:00-12:30 pm
Lab day and time:   20198 – 9:20-10:50 am TR w/Toni Portis King
                             20199 – 12:30-2:00 pm TR w/Staff

Course credit hours:  4

Office Hours: (before or after class or by appointment)

Course Description:
Biology 2161K begins with an overview of the structure and properties of microorganisms, their growth requirements, metabolism and ecological roles; emphasis is then given to the host-parasite relationship, potential for pathogenicity of microorganisms, defense mechanisms of the human host, including extensive discussion of immunology, and the etiological and epidemiology of infectious diseases for each human body system. Laboratory work introduces the student to identification and culture techniques, transmission control mechanisms, and common clinical isolation procedures.


The required text for success in BIOL 2161 is Microbiology: A Systems Approach, 4th Edition, 2015, by Marjorie Kelly Cowan.  The textbook is strongly recommended as a supplement to the lecture notes and is required for Self-directed study exercises. 


Outlines for each lecture are available for download in the Lecture Schedule section of this syllabus.  You are required to print these out in advance of class and I will lecture at a pace that assumes you have these.


The Laboratory Manual, written specifically for the exercises and equipment used at Georgia Highlands College, is Laboratory Instruction for Introductory Medical Microbiology, by Callan.  Lab handouts are available as links within the Lab Schedule.  Print out each section in time to read it before the lab for which the notes apply.


BIOL 1010, 2107, or 2121 with a grade of C or better; Co-requisite: BIOL 2107, 2122, 2151, 2152, 2153, or 2154.
Statement of Academic Integrity:
All work presented is expected to be produced by the student's own efforts. Plagiarism (copying of another author's work or written material (even a sentence or two) and then claiming it as your own work) and cheating or attempting to cheat (on a tests, quizzes, assignment, laboratory work, or any other work done for a grade) is ample reason for receiving an F for that assignment. Policies on student conduct and academic integrity are in the College Student Rights & Responsibilities document.  This can be accessed on the following URL:

Attendance & Make-Up:

Lecture: Attendance will be recorded periodically for advisory purposes and administrative record keeping. Points are not given or deducted according to a student’s attendance; however, open-book pop quizzes will be given periodically for extra credit points.  If a lecture test is missed for an emergency, a make-up test over the material missed may be administered at the discretion of the instructor and in the format of the instructor’s choosing.  Only one make-up test is allowed for the entire course.  There will be no re-takes. Make-up exams will be taken during the next class period attended by the student. It is the responsibility of the student to get any information missed during that class time from fellow students.  The missed information will NOT be provided by the instructor.


Lab:  Attendance in laboratory is also recorded and does count toward the final grade. Absence and tardiness will result in deduction of points from 100; 5 points is deducted for each missed lab absence and prorated for tardiness. There are no make-up labs.  If schedule and  space permits, students are often allowed to attend different lab sections during the same week to make-up a missed lab.  If you fail to call or e-mail, it cannot be made up and you are responsible for learning any missed material from your classmates.


In the event of weather related cancellation of classes, the schedule will pick up the sequence of lectures herein described as classes resume.  The semester may then be extended, or double lectures designed as we go.  If we have covered all material for a test, the test will be given on the first day back to class.  If there is inclement weather, the college posts necessary announcements on the website. Cancellation notices for Floyd or Cartersville locations will be reported to radio stations and WXIA-TV in Atlanta.


Extended Absence Policy:

Students who have circumstances that prevent them from continuing to attend classes over an extended period of time, sometimes request that the faculty member permit them to submit work in absentia to receive credit to complete the course.  If the concurrent absences will constitute more than 15% of the class sessions for the term, then written permission from the Division Chair is required before any course assignments can be completed while missing class.  The student must be in good academic standing in the course to make the request.  All approved coursework must be completed by the end of the semester in which the course was begun.

(Note: If a program has a more stringent absence policy than this, then the program policy prevails.)

Evaluation Methods and Grading:

Grades are determined by proficiency on lecture and lab exams. There are no extra credit or bonus opportunities. Your grade is determined by the percentage of points earned. Approximately 800 points will be possible during the semester. The breakdown is as follows:


Four lecture exams @ 100pts each =  


Final lecture exam =    


Lab average =









Scantrons will not be provided to students - you must bring your own scantron to each exam.  Lecture exams vary in length and are primarily true-false, multiple-choice & matching. Your grade is determined by calculating your percentage of the total number of points for each test. That percentage, rounded to one decimal place, becomes your grade out of 100 points. Lecture exams are never returned to the student. They are available for review by appointment for the week following the exam period.  During the week preceding finals, exams will be available for review during assigned times.


The lab grade will be derived from the average of three grades:  a lab practical worth 100 points, a lab final exam worth 100 points, and a grade based on lab participation.  The participation grade is worth a total of 100 points and is earned by the completion of the scheduled lab exercises. 

Grading Scale: Scores are rounded to one decimal place.

90-100% A       80-89% B      70-79% C      60-69% D      < 60% F



Early Grades Statement:

GHC offers a variety of part-of-term classes to allow our students to have flexible schedules.  However, there are only three semesters each year; Spring, Summer and Fall.  It is only at the end of each Semester that grades are rolled to academic history and available on the official transcript.  After each part-of-term, as soon as Instructors have entered grades, they may be viewed online by logging into the SCORE ( Transcripts may also be requested at any time by logging into the SCORE.  Prior to the end of term, should a student need an early grade letter sent to another institution they may complete the request form and submit it to the Registrar’s office for processing ( Please contact the Registrar’s Office at if you need any assistance.


Students with Disabilities:
If any student in the class feels that he or she needs an accommodation due to a disability, please feel free to discuss this with the instructor early in the term.  Georgia Highlands College has resources available for students with certain disabilities.  Accommodations may be made (such as providing materials in alternative formats, assuring physical access to classrooms or being sensitive to interaction difficulties that may be posed by communication and/or learning disabilities) through Student Support Services on all campuses.  For more information please contact:  Cartersville 678-872-8004; Douglasville and Floyd 706-368-7536; Marietta 678-915-5021; Paulding 678-946-1029.


Laboratory Statement:

Since this course involves a laboratory component, there are specific safety issues that students need to be aware of (such as use of lab coats and/or safety goggles, or any other such example specifically related to that course).  It is the student's responsibility to be aware of all such issues and act in an extremely cautious manner to avoid any potential causes for accidents in the laboratory.  GHC is not liable for any accident in the lab due to negligence on the part of any individual. Specific safety issues are discussed in the lab manual and laboratory safety lecture. It is also recommended that if you are pregnant or intend on becoming pregnant during the course, that you not take the course at this time.


Earned F:
This message applies only to students receiving financial aid:  Federal regulations state that if a student did not attend classes and received failing grades, then the grades were not earned and financial aid needs to be reduced accordingly.  Please be advised that any student receiving a 0.00 GPA will be required to prove that the 0.00 GPA was earned by attending classes or completing requirements for each class.  Students who have earned at least one passing grade for the semester will not be affected by this regulation.  If a student has properly withdrawn from all classes, the student’s financial aid should be adjusted from the time they signed the withdrawal form. 


Early Warning Program:

Georgia Highlands College requires that all faculty members report their students' progress throughout the course of the semester as part of the institution-wide Early Warning Program (EWP). The objective of the program is to support academic success by reviewing early indicators of satisfactory student progress. In accordance with EWP, faculty members provide the Registrar's Office with academic reports of each student enrolled in their course(s) at checkpoints staggered throughout the semester. The following success factors are reported at their corresponding checkpoint:

Week 2: Notification of Non-attendance

Week 6: Satisfactory Progress


Student Learning Outcomes:

1. Students will demonstrate competency of one discipline in the sciences in terms of its informational content.

2. Students will demonstrate competency of on discipline in the sciences in terms of its terminology.

3. Students will demonstrate competency of on discipline in the sciences in terms of its commonly used units of measurement.

4. Students will demonstrate the ability to operate basic instrumentation, gather data, and generate conclusions in a laboratory or observational setting.

5. Students will demonstrate the ability to apply discipline content to problem solving.

Tentative Lecture Schedule:


Class Day

Lecture Topic(s)





Course Syllabus
Chapter 1


Chemistry of Biology/Tools of the Laboratory


Chapters 2 & 3


MLK Day - No Lecture or Lab



Prokaryotic Organisms

Chapter 4


Eukaryotic Organisms

Microorganisms Overview


Chapter 5







Chapters 1-5


Microbial Growth

Chapter 7


Microbial Metabolism

Chapter 8


Microbial Genetics/Genetic Engineering

Chapters 9 & 10



Chapter 6


Controlling Microorganisms


Chapter 11








Chapters 6-11


Antimicrobial Drugs

Self-directed Study 1


Chapter 12


Human-Microbe Interaction

Chapter 13


Host Defenses I

Host Defenses II/Diagnosing Infections


Chapter 14

Chapters 15 & 17


Host Defenses II/Diagnosing Infections (cont.)







Immunologic Disorders


Chapter 16






Chapters 12-17


Skin and Eye Infections

Self-directed Study


Chapter 18

3/29 & 3/31

Spring Break – No classes



Diseases of the Nervous System

Chapter 19


Diseases of the Blood & Lymphatic System


Chapter 20


Diseases of the Respiratory System

Chapter 21


Diseases of the Digestive System

Chapter 22

4/19 &



Diseases of the Genitourinary System


Chapter 23



Chapters 18-23



Make-up exams