Exam #1

Study Guide

Chapter 17:  Blood

    1. Describe the composition and physical characteristics of whole blood.

    2. List six functions of blood.

    3. Discuss the composition and functions of plasma.

    4. Describe the chemical structure of hemoglobin.

    5. List the classes, structural characteristics, and functions of leukocytes.

    6. Know the steps of hematopoiesis as they refer to red blood cell, white blood cell, and platelet formation.

    7. Know the hemostasis mechanisms as discussed in class and be familiar with the factors affecting hemostasis.

    8. Know the names and descriptions of the various blood disorders we discussed.

    9. Be able to explain the basis behind blood typing, the different blood types, and the guidelines for blood transfusions.

    10. Be familiar with the process for determining a patient's hematocrit.


Chapter 18:  Heart

1. Describe the size, shape, location, and orientation of the heart in the thoracic cavity.

2. Know the layers of the heartís covering.

3. Know the layers of the heart wall.

4. Name each chamber of the heart and the type of cardiac muscle of which each is made.

5. Name the 4 heart valves, and describe their location, function, and mechanism of operation.

6. Know where the main coronary arteries, their branches, and where each supplies blood to the body.

7. Name the main veins entering into the heart and describe which areas of the body they drain.

8. Be able to trace pulmonary, systemic, and coronary circulation.

9. Be able to name and describe the steps of the cardiac cycle.

10. Know the components of the hearts conduction system and their characteristics.

11. Understand the mechanisms the body uses to control cardiac output.

12. Know the parts and descriptions of an EKG.

13. Know the names and descriptions of the disorders that can affect the heart.


Chapter 19:  Blood Vessels

1. Name the three layers that typically form the wall of a blood vessel, and state the function of each.

2. Name the three types of arteries, give an example of each, and describe the main characteristics & functions of each.

3. Name the types of veins and describe the main characteristics & functions of each.

4. Name the three types of capillaries and describe their location in the body.

5. Know the 4 pressures involved with capillary dynamics, what causes each, which ones favor filtration/reabsorption.

6. Define net filtration pressure.

7. Be able to define systolic pressure, diastolic pressure, and pulse pressure.

8. Know the factors on which resistance is dependent.

9. Be able to describe the 2 pumps that aid venous return.

10. Understand how the body controls blood flow & pressure by long-term and short-term mechanisms.

11. Be able to define/recognize blood vessel and circulatory disorders.

12. Be able to identify major blood vessels of the human body.


This study guide covers the majority of information on the exam but not all of it. You are still responsible for any information that was covered in the notes but not put on this guide (intentionally or unintentionally). Good Luck and Study Hard!!