Access to Nutritious Food
Food Security and Food Insecurity
as: “…The ready availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods…
and assured ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable
ways (that is, without resorting to emergency food supplies,
scavenging, stealing, or other coping strategies)”
limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe
foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in
socially acceptable ways.”
USDA measurement or levels of food security/food insecurity
1. High food security – Households that have no
problems, or anxiety about, consistently accessing adequate food.
2. Marginal food security – Households that have
problems at times, or anxiety about, accessing adequate food, but the
quality, variety, and quantity of their food intake were not
3. Low food security – Households that may have
reduced the quality, variety, and desirability of their diets, but the
quantity of food intake and normal eating patterns were not
4. Very low food security – Periodically, eating
patterns of one or more household members are disrupted and food intake
reduced because the household lacked money and other resources for food.
Question: What is/are the impact(s) of food insecurity on the individual, family, and community?
Question: Why would the USDA not measure hunger?
Governmental Nutritional Assistance Porgrams:
Question: What is/are the eligibility requirement(s) for each of these programs?
Question: What is/are/ the barrier(s) to file for assistance programs?
Question: Where is there a higher prevelance of food insecurity and why?
- Supplimental Nutritional Assistance Program (SNAP)
- Women, Infants, and Children yournger than five (WIC)
- National School Lunch Program (NSLP)
- School Breakfast Program (SBP)
- Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
- Non-governmental programs: Community food banks, shelters, soup kitchens, etc...
In general, a food desert is defined by
low access to a healthy food retail outlet and low access is defined as
more than 1 mile from a supermarket or large grocery store in urban
areas and as more than 10 miles from a supermarket or large grocery
store in rural areas
Food Desert Locator: USDA Locator
Question: What factors other than distance can affect access?
What is the relationship between limited access and health related issues?
- Obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension) higher in food deserts
- Studies indicate
- Beverage consumption not solid foods as largest contributor for increased caloric intake, weight gain, and higher BMIs
- Food preferences were correlated to the proximity of specific
types of food sources (fast-food, convenience stores, grocery stores,
- Food preference (what we desire to eat) versus food choice (what we can eat)?
- Complexity of the social context (i.e. social and cultural considerations)?
Factors affecting food supply
Question: What will the future look like?
- Environmental (geological and meterological conditions)
- Technological (scientific and agricultural innovations/limitations)
- Political (regulatory policy)
- Financial (economic implications)